28 Paying types of medicine courses in the world today

In this article we will discuss the 28 paying types of medicine courses in the world today.

The medical profession is one of the essential professions in human history which has remained vital over the years and people have been interested in exploring the field.

Medical courses are usually lengthy, demanding and altogether one of the most challenging and competitive careers to embark on. Any error made while in practice could cause life, reason why care is to be taken in the process of acquiring the knowledge.

To study medicine and surgery  or other medical courses, a strong knowledge of sciences is required. In today’s article, we will be looking at the 28 paying types of medicine courses in the world.

In essence, we will be looking at the different sub-units a student doctor will be drilled in before he graduates as qualified Doctor and also specializes as they practice.

We might choose to broaden the understanding with the synonym; Specializations in Medicine and surgery.

In knowing the types of medicine courses, it will be of great importance to know that field the of medicine is divided into two major parts.

  • The basic medicine
  • Clinical and Post clinical sciences.
types of medicine courses
types of medicine courses

Types of medicine courses in basic medicine involve

  • Human Anatomy
  • Human Physiology
  • Medical Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Immunology
  • Cardiology
  • Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Family / Community Medicine
  • Preventive Medicine And Infectious Disease Category
  • Nephrology
  • Hematology
  • Neurology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Obstetrics And Gynecology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Oncology
  • Pathology
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Psychiatry
  • Radiology
  • Rheumatology
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Urology

Human Anatomy

This involves the study of the structure or frame work of human body. To be a surgeon, a grounded knowledge of Anatomy is required. It includes the gross Anatomy, embryology, histology, cytology, neuro-anatomy and other important areas.

Human Physiology

Human physiology involves the the different processes in the human body that makes it function, and stay alive. It drives through the areas of Cardiovascular functions, respiratory functions, digestive functions, neurophysiology and the rest.

Medical Biochemistry

This aligns the chemical pathways that is involved in the normal physiological processes of the body. Medical biochemistry is a field that studies different types of molecules in hopes of bettering technology and medicine.

In order to work in the medical biochemistry environment, students typically need to get an advanced degree, such as a master’s and doctorate


Pharmacology is the study of drugs and its effect on the physiology of the body. It is the study of drugs and how they affect the body.

It is important to note the difference between the studies of pharmacy and pharmacology.

Courses in pharmacy are geared towards equipping graduates with licenses to dispense prescription medicines in pharmacies, or to become a pharmacist.

Medical Microbiology

Microbiology focuses on disease causing microbes.

Clinical and Post clinical sciences are those types of medicine courses (specialist in nature) that will be taken during clinical exposure of medical students , even till their era of practice. This specialist courses includes:


These doctors focus in treatment of pains, and also crucial part of surgical team. The induce pain inhibiting drugs and monitor the vital science of patients while in the process of surgery.

They also form part of child delivery team. It is types of medicine courses in the world that people find interesting.


They treat disorders of the immune system, and other auto immune diseases. Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology.


This one specializes on matters relating to the heart and blood vessels. They see to issues like heart attack, abnormal blood pressures ( high or low), irregularity of heartbeat, etc.


Surgeons dissect the human body to remove, replace or amend dysfunctional human organs. There are other specialist areas in surgery that includes, colon, plastic or cosmetic, rectal surgery and so on.


This area specializes in the treatment of skin, nails and hair diseases. it is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin.

It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects.

A dermatologist is a specialist doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair and nails and some cosmetic problems


This is an area that specializes on the treatment of hormonal issues. Issues like diabetes, infertility, bone problems can be resolved here.

Family community medicine

This area was mapped out for the care of the children, adults and senior citizens. The help them to mitigate against infectious diseases like flu through regular immunization procedures and so to see to their routine checkups and treatments.

Preventive medicine 

This part of medicine is more on prevention of diseases and management of infectious diseases like HIV, Corona Virus Diseases, Cholera, etc. They achieve this through public awareness programs, passing useful health information on how to prevent and manage these diseases effectively.


This category of medicine specializes in treatment of kidney related diseases.


This area specializes on diseases of the blood, spleen, lymph nodes, anemia, blood cell diseases


These specialize in treatment of diseases concerning the brain and the nervous system. They treat stroke, epilepsy and other neurological problems.


This specializes in treatment of digestion and digestive system related problems.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

They specialize on issues relating to women and their reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth. A gynecologist sees to women’s reproductive health, while Obstetricians care for pregnant women.


They study of the eye. They treat the various diseases of the eye, and as well operate on the eye.


They specialize on the treatment of cancer and tumors.


Pathology involves identifying general disease causing agents, including the micro organisms, physical agents and physiological and anatomical malfunctions. They do this by viewing body tissues under microscope.


They specialize in treatment of diseases of the eye, nose, nose, throat, respiratory system, etc. they also do reconstructive surgeries.


This area specializes on people with emotional, mental or addictive problems. It is a paying discipline in medicine it requires patience like other medical courses.


This involves the use of x-rays and other imaging test to diagnose and treat diseases.


this is the type of medicine course that specializes on the treatment of joints, bones, muscles and tendons.

Sports medicine

This is the type of medicine course that focuses on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of sports and exercise injuries.


This type of medicine course specializes on care and treatment of children till their adulthood.


This type of medicine course specializes on care urinary tract and bladder. They also take care of male fertility issues and is one of the paying types of medicine courses in the world

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