Types of medicine courses

The 28 paying types of medicine courses in the world today are made known.

The medical profession is one of the essential professions in human history which has remained vital over the years and people have been interested in exploring the field.

Medical courses are usually lengthy, demanding, and altogether one of the most challenging and competitive careers to embark on.

Any error made while in practice could cause life, the reason why care is to be taken in the process of acquiring the knowledge.

Overview of the types of medical courses in the world

To study medicine and surgery or other medical courses, a strong knowledge of sciences is required. In today’s article, we will be looking at the 28 paying types of medical courses in the world.

In essence, we will be looking at the different sub-units a student doctor will be drilled in before he graduates as a qualified Doctor and also specializes as they practice.

We might choose to broaden the understanding with the synonym; Specializations in Medicine and surgery.

In knowing the types of medicine courses, it will be of great importance to know that field of medicine is divided into two major parts.

  • The basic medicine
  • Clinical and Post clinical sciences.
types of medicine courses
types of medicine courses

Types of medicine courses in basic medicine involve

  • Human Anatomy
  • Human Physiology
  • Medical Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Immunology
  • Cardiology
  • Surgery
  • Dermatology
  • Endocrinology
  • Family / Community Medicine
  • Preventive Medicine And Infectious Disease Category
  • Nephrology
  • Hematology
  • Neurology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Obstetrics And Gynecology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Oncology
  • Pathology
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Psychiatry
  • Radiology
  • Rheumatology
  • Sports Medicine
  • Pediatrics
  • Urology

Human Anatomy

types of medicine courses

This involves the study of the structure or framework of the human body. To be a surgeon, a grounded knowledge of Anatomy is required. It includes gross Anatomy, embryology, histology, cytology, neuro-anatomy, and other important areas.

Human Physiology

Human physiology involves the different processes in the human body that makes it function, and stay alive. It drives through the areas of Cardiovascular functions, respiratory functions, digestive functions, neurophysiology, and the rest.

Medical Biochemistry

This aligns with the chemical pathways that are involved in the normal physiological processes of the body. Medical biochemistry is a field that studies different types of molecules in hopes of bettering technology and medicine.

In order to work in the medical biochemistry environment, students typically need to get an advanced degree, such as a master’s and doctorate


Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their effect on the physiology of the body. It is the study of drugs and how they affect the body.

types of medicine courses

It is important to note the difference between the studies of pharmacy and pharmacology.

Courses in pharmacy are geared towards equipping graduates with licenses to dispense prescription medicines in pharmacies or to become a pharmacist.

Medical Microbiology

Microbiology focuses on disease-causing microbes.

Clinical and Post clinical sciences are those types of medicine courses (specialist in nature) that will be taken during clinical exposure of medical students, even till their era of practice. These specialist courses include:


These doctors focus on the treatment of pains and are also a crucial part of the surgical team. They induce pain inhibiting drugs and monitor the vital science of patients while in the process of surgery.

They also form part of the child delivery team. It is a type of medicine course in the world that people find interesting.


types of medicine courses

They treat disorders of the immune system and other autoimmune diseases. Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology.


This one specializes in matters relating to the heart and blood vessels. They see issues like heart attack, abnormal blood pressures ( high or low), irregularity of heartbeat, etc.


Surgeons dissect the human body to remove, replace or amend dysfunctional human organs. There are other specialist areas in surgery that include, colon, plastic or cosmetic, rectal surgery, and so on.


This area specializes in the treatment of skin, nails, and hair diseases. it is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin.

types of medicine courses

It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects.

A dermatologist is a specialist doctor who manages diseases related to skin, hair, and nails and some cosmetic problems


This is an area that specializes in the treatment of hormonal issues. Issues like diabetes, infertility, bone problems can be resolved here.

Family community medicine

This area was mapped out for the care of children, adults, and senior citizens. They help them to mitigate against infectious diseases like flu through regular immunization procedures and so to see to their routine checkups and treatments.

Preventive medicine 

This part of medicine is more on prevention of diseases and management of infectious diseases like HIV, Corona Virus Diseases, Cholera, etc. They achieve this through public awareness programs, passing useful health information on how to prevent and manage these diseases effectively.


This category of medicine specializes in the treatment of kidney-related diseases. Nephrons are the structural components of the kidney. 


This area specializes in diseases of the blood, spleen, lymph nodes, anemia, blood cell diseases. It is among the types of medical courses in the world.


These specialize in the treatment of diseases concerning the brain and the nervous system. They treat stroke, epilepsy, and other neurological problems.


This specializes in the treatment of digestion and digestive system-related problems.

Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which include the organs from mouth into anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty.

Physicians practicing in this field are called gastroenterologists.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

They specialize in issues relating to women and their reproductive health, including pregnancy and childbirth. A gynecologist sees to women’s reproductive health, while Obstetricians care for pregnant women.


The study of the eye. They treat the various diseases of the eye and as well operate on the eye. you can find more about ophthalmology here


They specialize in the treatment of cancer and tumors. A medical professional who practices oncology is an oncologist.


Pathology involves identifying general disease-causing agents, including microorganisms, physical agents, and physiological and anatomical malfunctions. They do this by viewing body tissues under the microscope.


They specialize in the treatment of diseases of the eye, nose, nose, throat, respiratory system, etc. they also do reconstructive surgeries.


This area specializes in people with emotional, mental, or addictive problems. It is a paying discipline in medicine it requires patience like other medical courses.


This involves the use of x-rays and other imaging test to diagnose and treat diseases.


this is the type of medicine course that specializes in the treatment of joints, bones, muscles, and tendons.

Sports medicine

This is the type of medicine course that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of sports and exercise injuries.


This type of medicine course specializes in the care and treatment of children till their adulthood.


This type of medicine course specializes in the care urinary tract and bladder. They also take care of male fertility issues and is one of the paying types of medical courses in the world

4-year medical courses

Below is the list of five 4 year medical courses;

  • Anatomy
  • Human Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Microbiology

Medical courses in Nigeria

There are different medical courses in Nigeria ranging from but not limited to human anatomy, medical physiology, microbiology, nursing, pharmacy, and other specialties.

Conclusion on the types of medical courses in Nigeria

The different types of medicine courses above have limitless opportunities and give one a better insight into the medical and health industry.

Studying any of the 4-year medical courses gives one a better ground on health and also paves the way into clinical practice when one wishes to further her study.

Having the right guide and knowledge of the types of medical courses can never be overemphasized be it gives one an overview of everything that is essential to be known.

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