Iron Deficiency Anemia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Iron is responsible for manufacturing red blood cells, which are integral for the optimal functioning of our immunity and muscles and help maintain proper mental function and energy levels.

The human body is incapable of iron production, and not obtaining optimal iron levels through diet and nutrition can result in anemia. This article covers details about iron deficiency anemia and how to recognize and treat it. 

Symptoms and Signs of Iron Deficiency You Shouldn’t Ignore

Low iron levels have various symptoms, ranging from headaches, shortness of breath, fatigue, and dizziness to restless legs syndrome and difficulty focusing. 

Signs that could indicate low iron levels have caused anemia include:

  • Brittle nails
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Pale skin
  • Pain within the mouth and tongue

Main Causes of Iron Deficiency Anemia

The top reasons behind this anemia type include the following:

  • Blood loss. Either internal to menstrual bleeding or significant blood loss due to an injury or trauma.
  • Insufficient iron intake. Inadequate nutrition with low iron ingestion is another cause of this anemia type.
  • Problems with iron absorption. Infection, bacteria, or various diseases or conditions.

Iron depletion can occur within any age group. A higher risk exists for children under two, teenagers with growth spurts, adults over 65, and those with chronic disorders and medical conditions.

Potential Treatments of Iron Deficiency Anemia

According to the American Society of Hematology, iron deficiency anemia is a nutritional anemia. Treatment begins with a medical professional confirming the condition and recommending the best action.

Potential therapies are listed below, and you can combine specific options to achieve the desired results.

An Iron IV Infusion To Restore Iron Levels Quickly

Intravenous therapy is an excellent way to boost iron levels rapidly. Thanks to mobile services, you can get anemia IV therapy while relaxing in the comfort of your own home. 

Choosing the location for your treatment allows you to watch TV or read a book while receiving the IV. Administering iron via an infusion ensures the mineral combo is absorbed directly into your bloodstream, eliminating the risk of stomach upset.

Adjust Your Diet to Ingest More Iron and Vitamin C

The human body can only ingest iron from food, so adjusting your nutrition is essential when dealing with anemia. 

Foods rich in iron include:

  • Veggies: Be on the lookout for broccoli, spinach, cabbage, or other leafy greens.
  • Legumes: Tofu, beans, and peas are excellent iron sources.
  • Protein: Eggs, poultry, beef, fish, and liver are all great options for ingesting iron.
  • Fruits: Raisins, dates, and figs are some ideal choices.

Vitamin C interacts well with iron and helps its absorption, which has been verified through scientific research. The nutrient enhances iron absorption, so consider adding foods rich in vitamin C to your diet. These include citrus fruit, strawberries, bell peppers, and cruciferous veggies.

Treat any Underlying Conditions

Blood loss is the prevalent culprit of iron deficiency anemia. Treating the underlying injuries or internal issues can help prevent the problem from worsening or reappearing. 

Final Thoughts

It may be difficult to immediately notice the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia, especially during the initial phases. Regular checkups can help observe and maintain iron levels and general health.

Depending on your health condition, lab tests might be necessary every few months or each year. Contact a medical professional if you have iron deficiency, and never attempt to diagnose or treat a severe medical condition without medical supervision.

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