10 careers in chemistry

Chemistry is studied in an environmental and social context, so you can gain awareness of its ethical implications and issues relating to environmental impact and sustainability.

A degree in chemistry is a great start for a variety of careers.

10 careers in chemistry

Here are the 10 careers in chemistry everyone ought to know

1. Chemical engineers

Chemical engineering is an exciting and rewarding career path that is well-paying and needed in many different manufacturing industries. Chemical engineers  design and develop new products from raw materials.

They make use of their knowledge of chemical properties and reactions for the transformation of materials from one state to another, for instance making plastic from oil. Chemical engineers may work in almost any industry, assisting in the production of innovative, high-end products such as ultra-strong fabrics or biocompatible implants.

Chemical engineer is a professional who works principally in the chemical industry to convert basic raw materials into a variety of products and deals with the design and operation of plants and equipment.

In general, a chemical engineer is one who applies and uses principles of chemical engineering in any of its various practical applications.

Chemical engineers
Chemical engineers

2. Analytical chemists

Analytical chemists evaluate the chemical structure and nature of substances. They do basic laboratory research, develop and processes products, design instruments used in analytical analysis, teach, and work in marketing and law.

Their skills are needed for a different purposes including drug development, forensic analysis and toxicology. Analytical chemists are employed in all aspects of chemical research in industry, academia, and government.

They are employed by a variety of public and private sector organizations, and can specialize in areas such as toxicology, pharmaceuticals, quality control or forensics with.

Analytical chemists examine the composition, structure and characteristics of a variety of materials by examining and identifying the various elements that make up the substances, as well as the processes and changes that they undergo.

Analytical chemists
Analytical chemists

3. Forensic Scientist

A Forensic Scientist examine crime scenes to determine what evidence should be collected and how to collect them from taking photographs of the crime scene and evidence to making sketches of the crime scene and Recording observations and findings, such as the location and position of evidence.

Forensic scientists may work in a number of specialties. Some focus on biological analysis and work to identify the DNA testing on blood and fluid samples discovered at crime scenes, Others identify fingerprints, analyze bullets or casings found at crime scenes to attribute those back to specific weapons, handwriting analysis to identify forged signatures or analyze blood splatter to create a scientifically sound story of the events leading up to an assault or murder.

4. Geochemists

Geochemists study the composition, structure, processes, and other physical aspects of the Earth.

They examine the distribution of chemical elements in rocks and minerals, and the movement of these elements into soil and water systems.

As a geochemist, they will use physical and inorganic chemistry to investigate the amount and distribution of chemical elements in rocks and minerals.

They also study the movement of those elements into soil and water systems and will use organic chemistry to study the composition of fossil fuel deposits.

5. Materials Scientist

A materials scientist studies and examines the structures and chemical properties and structure of different man-made and natural materials.

Materials scientists study substances at the atomic and molecular levels and analyze the ways in which the substances interact with one another. They use their knowledge to develop new and improved products and to test the quality of manufactured goods.

They determine ways to strengthen or combine existing materials, or develop new materials for use in a variety of products.

Applications of materials science include inventing or improving ceramics, plastics/polymers, metallic alloys, and superconducting materials. Materials science is an interdisciplinary field of researching and discovering materials.

6. Pharmacologists

Pharmacologists investigate and examine the effect of drugs, chemicals and other substances to discover how they affect biological systems, and to assess how they can be used safely.

Developing a new drug takes on average 15 years from its discovery to patient delivery. Pharmacologists study to understand how chemical substances interact with the body.

They work as part of a research team that is responsible for screening compounds, developing drugs and undertaking controlled experiments and clinical trials in laboratories.

These highly trained and educated health professionals work to develop and study the effects of new drugs to ensure both effectiveness and safety.



Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemical, physical, or biological agents on living organisms and the ecosystem, including the prevention and amelioration of such adverse effects.

It is a field of science that helps us understand the harmful effects that chemicals, substances, or situations, can have on people, animals, and the environment.

A toxicologist is a scientist who has a strong understanding of many scientific disciplines, such as biology and chemistry, and typically works with chemicals and other substances to determine if they are toxic or harmful to humans and other living organisms or the environment.

Their work helps guide policymakers’ decisions regarding public health, occupational safety, and environmental protection.

8. Medical laboratory scientist

A medical laboratory scientist (MLS), also known as a medical technologist or clinical laboratory scientist, works in a medical laboratory examining a variety of biological specimens.

They are in charge of performing scientific testing on samples from patients and reporting the results to doctors. Medical laboratory scientists are in charge of conducting a variety of tests on patient samples (blood, various body fluids, cells and tissues, etc.) to notice the presence or absence of health conditions.

Their work is considered crucial to the noticing, diagnosis and treatment of disease. Medical laboratory scientists are trained to use cutting-edge, sophisticated equipment like microscopes, hematology analyzers, and incubators. Medical laboratory professionals play an essential role in a range of laboratory settings, performing many duties.

Medical laboratory scientist
Medical laboratory scientist

9. Microbiologist

A microbiologist is a scientist who studies microscopic life forms and processes. This includes study of the growth, interactions and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, fungi, and some types of parasites and their vectors.

They try to understand how these organisms live, grow, and interact with their environments.

Microbiologists Plan and conduct complex research projects, such as improving sterilization procedures or developing new drugs to combat infectious diseases.

They also Supervise the work of biological technicians and other workers and evaluate the accuracy of their results.

10. Biotechnologists

Biotechnologists create and improve products and processes for agriculture, medicine and conservation using biological organisms.

They study the genetic, chemical and physical attributes of cells, tissues and organisms, and identify industrial uses for them.

Biotechnologists use a variety of scientific disciplines to improve processes for a range of different industries including pharmaceuticals, healthcare, biofuels, agriculture, conservation, animal husbandry and food production.


Studying chemistry can lead to jobs in cutting-edge technologies within science and research as well as roles outside the laboratory.

21% of chemistry graduates are working as natural and social science professionals.

Other notable jobs include science, engineering and production technicians, teaching professionals, finance professionals, IT professionals, business, research and administrative professionals and quality and regulatory professionals.

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