Is no doubt that millions of persons world wide are affected by convulsion as a result of fever, seizure and other medical conditions. Which in most cases are characterize by spasm.
Introduction to what to do after someone has a seizure
Convulsion is a general term that people use to describe uncontrollable muscle contractions.
Some people interchangeably use the word ‘Seizure’ but they have differences.
Seizure is an electrical disturbance in the brain and can as well cause someone to have convulsion,but is not always the case. It can either affect a part of a person’s body or affect the whole body.
Causes of seizure
It is a common symptom of epileptic seizure. Epilepsy According to Epilepsy foundation is a condition that causes a person to experience many seizures. In few cases epileptic seizures results to convulsion.
The most common type of seizure is Tonic Clonic seizure. Tonic means being firm and still while Clonic means sudden short and sharp movement.
When air forcefully passes through a person’s vocal cord, the person may make a groaning sound. While some epileptic seizures results in Convulsion others don’t.
For instance, ‘Absence seizure’ is when a person remains motionless without response during an electrical disturbance in the brain.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) , febrile seizures can affect children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years who are experiencing a fever .
Febrile seizures cause convulsions that typically last up to 5 minutes.
The majority of febrile seizures do not have any lasting negative impact on a child. They are generally harmless and do not require treatment.
However, if the seizure goes on for more than 5 minutes, or the child does not recover quickly, it is essential to call an ambulance.
Emotional stress lead to seizures. According to the NINDS, non-epileptic seizures are seizures that appear to be epilepsy but are not due to electrical disturbances in a person’s brain.
Doctors believe non-epileptic seizures are “psychogenic” illnesses. This means they occur due to mental or emotional stress . For this reason, doctors sometimes refer to them as “psychogenic non-epileptic seizures.”
Doctors often recommend psychological therapies, such as cognitive behavioral therapy , to help treat non-epileptic seizures. These treatments help a person manage the underlying stress causing the seizures.
Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia
The National Centre for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) , paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) is a rare condition that causes convulsions. PKD seizures typically happen after a person experiences a sudden motion, such as being startled or standing up.
Convulsions typically last less than 5 minutes but can last longer in some cases. A person will usually experience fewer episodes as they get older.
It is a genetic condition, which means a parent can pass it on to their children.
Research has found that anticonvulsant drugs, such as carbamazepine are an effective treatment for PKD.
In rare cases, certain medications can cause epileptic seizures with convulsions. The Epilepsy Foundation provides an extensive list of toxins and drugs that could trigger epileptic seizures.
There is some evidence that migraines may lead to epileptic seizures. This is called migralepsy.
However, other research disputes this understanding of migralepsy. More research is necessary to help determine whether migralepsy is a distinct condition.
what to do after someone has a seizure
lets take it gradually to understand the dos and don’ts during a convulsive episode
Placing a person experiencing convulsions on their side can assist their breathing. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , if a person is experiencing convulsions over most of their body, there are various first-aid practices someone can do to help them.
- placing them on the floor so they do not fall and hurt themselves
- putting them onto their side so they can breathe easily and equally clearing the area of hard or sharp objects
- placing something soft and flat under their head
- removing their glasses
- loosening or removing anything around their neck, such as a tie or a necklace
- calling an ambulance if the seizure continues for more than 5 minutes
If a person is experiencing convulsions, the first thing to do is to make sure they are safe. If the convulsions do not stop after 5 minutes, call an ambulance.
If convulsions happen regularly, it is vital to speak to a doctor to determine the underlying cause.
Some conditions that cause convulsions will pass with age, while others require medication to reduce their occurrence.
In either case, a doctor will work with someone to develop an individualized treatment plan for your episode.